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TOOTH ENAMEL EROSION: WHAT CAUSES IT AND CAN IT BE TREATED?

Apr 10

WHAT IS ENAMEL?

Did you know that our body's strongest and most durable tissue is tooth enamel? According to Rockhill, SC dentists, it is tougher than steel and stronger than our bones! The substance on the exterior layer of your teeth is called tooth enamel. Enamel is in charge of keeping your teeth safe from harm.

However, don't be fooled by enamel's toughness. Enamel erosion occurs when tooth enamel is broken down and destroyed, resulting in major dental problems and pain. Learn more about dental enamel erosion, including how to prevent it and what treatment options are available.

Tooth Enamel Erosion Symptoms

It's crucial to first understand the signs and symptoms of enamel erosion so you know what to expect if you're not attentive (or haven't been practicing good dental hygiene!).

Tooth Sensitivity Increased

As enamel wears away, a larger piece of your tooth is exposed to the foods and drinks you consume. Temperature (very hot and/or cold objects), specific textures (crunchy items, hard foods, etc. ), and tastes (especially acidic/harsh foods/beverages) may all cause you to become more sensitive. Depending on the severity of the erosion, you may experience everything from slight discomfort to excruciating pain.

Discoloration

Enamel erosion causes discoloration, which is one of the first signs you'll notice. Teeth can get discolored and yellow over time. The teeth may have varied degrees of discolouration, which can make them appear splotchy and unappealing.

Teeth that are translucent and/or shiny

You'll notice that areas of your teeth are clear or translucent, in addition to the discolouration. You may also notice that particular areas appear to be exceptionally gleaming.

Teeth Chips/Cracks/Indentation

Your teeth become weaker when the enamel on your teeth deteriorates. Teeth can become more readily broken, chipped, and damaged as a result of this. You may also notice "cupping," or small indentations in your teeth.

 

Enamel Erosion: What Causes It?

There are numerous causes for enamel erosion, just as there are numerous symptoms.

Dental Hygiene Issues

Poor dental hygiene is one of the most common causes of enamel degradation. Usually, just following the basics of dental hygiene is enough to keep your teeth from eroding. Given that over half of all adults in the United States don't wash their teeth twice a day (and don't even get us started on how many people don't floss! ), it's no surprise that many people suffer from tooth erosion.

Diet

Enamel erosion can be caused by sugary foods, acidic foods (citrus, soda, alcohol, etc. ), coffee, and carbohydrates. When you combine the ingestion of these chemicals with poor dental care, you're putting your tooth enamel at risk of degradation.

Mouth Dryness

Dry mouth can be caused by a few different things. These are some of them:

  1. Certain medicines are prohibited (methamphetamines and marijuana, for example)
  2. Diabetes
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. AIDS/HIV
  5. Tobacco
  6. Thrush
  7. Low saliva production, as seen in dry mouth, is a major contributor to erosion.

Eating Illnesses

Anorexia frequently results in malnutrition, which can erode tooth enamel. Bulimiacs are particularly vulnerable to erosion. The compulsion to vomit on a frequent basis erodes tooth enamel due to the acidity of vomit. The most frequent eating disorder in the United States, binge eating disorder, can also lead to the overconsumption of the erosion-causing items we outlined previously.

GERD

Stomach acid reflux is caused by GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). These stomach acids go up the esophagus in an unusually reversed direction and frequently reach the mouth. Your tooth enamel may be eroded as a result of this.

Grinding of the teeth

Stress and anxiety can cause you to grind your teeth. While intermittent tooth grinding is natural and typically not hazardous, grinding your teeth on a regular basis will wear away your enamel.

 

How to Treat Enamel Erosion in Teeth

The main issue with enamel erosion is that it is impossible for enamel to "grow back." Because enamel isn't a living tissue, there's no way to recover it after it's eroded. However, there are ways to stop it from eroding any further and even to reverse some of the damage.

Maintain Good Oral Hygiene

This is the most important step in preventing enamel erosion. Make sure you brush your teeth twice a day (morning and night) with a fluoridated toothpaste, and floss at least once a day.

Avoid Acidic and Sugary Foods

If you can't avoid acidic or sugary foods, try to rinse your mouth with water after eating them. Water will help to neutralize the acids and sugars that are damaging your teeth.

Use a Fluoridated Mouthwash

Fluoride is essential in preventing tooth decay and tooth erosion. Mouthwashes that contain fluoride can help to strengthen your tooth enamel and prevent it from eroding.

See a Dentist

If you're having any of the symptoms of enamel erosion, see your dentist in Rockhill, SC as soon as possible. They will be able to give you a professional diagnosis and may recommend treatments, such as dental sealants or fluoride varnishes, to help protect your teeth from further erosion.

Enamel erosion can cause a lot of pain and problems with your teeth. The best course of action is to keep your enamel healthy by watching what you eat, treating health issues associated with enamel erosion, and practicing good oral hygiene.

Regularly visiting a  Rockhill, SC dentist for cleanings and check-ups is a vital component of that maintenance. We encourage you to call us to schedule a cleaning or to discuss your treatment options for any enamel erosion.

Here at River District Smiles Dentistry, we want to help you maintain a healthy, beautiful smile for life! Call us today!

Resources:

https://www.peeplocal.com/rock-hill/health-care/river-district-smiles-dentistry

https://www.announceamerica.com/united-states/rock-hill/health/river-district-smiles-dentistry

http://www.localbookmark.it/company/River_District_Smiles_8291654

https://www.globaldyrectory.com/listing/river-district-smiles-dentistry/

https://businesslistingplus.com/business-listings/river-district-smiles.html